10 Dances With Fascinating And Unexpected Histories - Listverse (2023)


Dance is an important facet of a culture, so it’s no surprise that some dances have extremely rich and unique histories. Many emerged not from the joyous celebrations where they would later be performed but from much darker times of a people’s past.

Dance was a way to escape oppression or to express oneself when society silenced you. And even when a dance is just fun and games, some people still find a way to twist it into something it was never meant to be.

10 Gumboot Dancing

Gumboot Dance

During the apartheid period of South Africa’s history when racial segregation laws were instituted purely to keep whites in power, black mine workers were forced to toil in dangerous conditions. Aside from many mines forbidding their workers from even speaking to each other, the white mine owners deemed it cost-inefficient to deal with the mines’ flooding problems. Instead, they gave their workers gumboots (rubber boots) to avoid health problems that would prevent them from working.

Not being able to speak was an impediment to work, and the employees quickly devised a Morse code style system to communicate by slapping their boots with their hands to send messages. It seemed to have been catchy because the workers eventually developed this system of slapping their gumboots into a style of dance.

The miners came from diverse parts of Africa to work, so a variety of cultures added to the creation of gumboot dancing. Tribal costumes were outlawed during that dark time in South Africa’s history, but the movements of the traditional dances were incorporated into a style that flourished into a new kind of dance.[1]

Dancing was not under the rules that mine operators controlled. As a result, songs were also incorporated into the style as it developed into the whole body dance that it is today.

9 The Dance Of Death?

Dutty Wine by Lady Cun Faya ♥ Actitude Gyal ♥

The dutty wine is a dance started in Jamaica that involves wild gyrations of the neck. The dance is so intense that some Jamaican doctors are cautioning would-be dutty winers not to perform it. Physicians say that the dance, particularly the neck twirling, causes too much stress on the spine and can harm to the dancer.

Some doctors say that the dance may be performed without issue with appropriate training, but others maintain that the movements are dangerous no matter how much physical preparation the dancer has done. They warn that the dance places too much strain on the neck and spine to walk away without injury.

Nevertheless, the dance grew in popularity when Jamaican DJ Tony Matterhorn created a song of the same name. The dance spread beyond Jamaica and eventually overseas, where Beyonce also used it in one of her videos.[2]

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This happened despite rumors that the dutty wine was the cause of one 18-year-old’s death. Allegedly, she was doing the dutty wine when she died in a dance house. However, it is unclear if the dance itself was responsible for her death or if the blame lay elsewhere.

8 The Hokey Pokey
200 Years Old And Hotly Contested

It is odd that “The Hokey Pokey” (aka “The Hokey Cokey”) would be anything but a simple, fun song that everyone knows, enjoys, and does a little dance to. But it actually has a long, complicated, and contested history.

One of the earliest versions of the song was the “Hinkumbooby,” a Scottish folk song mentioned in the 1826 Popular Rhymes of Scotland. This variation was similar to the modern song, and other versions were likewise created throughout the years.

Some people even claim that “The Hokey Pokey” was not fun and games at all but a mockery of Catholic mass. They say that the name actually came from “hocus pocus.” But it was only when songwriters in the UK and the US claimed it as their own that things really got heated.

On the eastern side of the Atlantic, a legal battle erupted after two men each claimed that they had written a song called “The Hokey Cokey.” Both said that they originally called it “The Hokey Pokey” but changed the name when a Canadian soldier suggested that the word “cokey” would be better than “pokey” because it was Canadian slang for “crazy.”[3]

The legal battle was settled out of court.

Similarly, another lawsuit ensued in the United States between two different groups claiming to have written “The Hokey Pokey.” This battle apparently ended with the royalties being shared.

7 The Hula Is A Story

10 Dances With Fascinating And Unexpected Histories - Listverse (1)

Photo credit: Ron Ardis

While movies often depict hula in a stereotypical way, grass skirts, coconut bras, and swaying hips do not capture what hula truly is. Ancient hula was accompanied by chanted poetry, and each gesture of the dance held deep meaning.

It was the sacred text of the Hawaiian people written in movement, a traditional method of passing legends and shared histories down from generation to generation. Hula is a story.

Hula was banned by the missionaries who landed on the island in the 1800s. They considered it a pagan practice and condemned it. Soon, hula and native Hawaiian culture in general was slowly dying away until a cultural explosion in the 1970s revived the traditional dance.

There are now two types of hula. Hula kahiko hearkens back to the traditional methods, using percussion instruments and chants that tell stories of the old ways and gods. Hula ‘auana is the kind more familiar to contemporary culture, with the graceful movements performed to more modern instruments.[4]

Regardless of which style is performed—and there are many subdivisions—hula was never intended to be a simple dance. It is a spiritual exercise of telling the story of one’s heart, which is perhaps why it now has so many practitioners around the world.

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6 Dance Or Brawl?

Bolivia’s Tinku festival – 07 May 07

The tinku is Bolivia’s national dance. It has its origins in a tradition where different communities would gather in a designated area to release tensions by beginning a dance that erupted into a ritualized brawl.

The tinku involved forming circles of dances separated by gender. It began at a fast pace, transitioned into a stomp, and finally transformed into ritualized combat. Any blood spilled was seen as an offering to the gods for a good harvest. And any deaths, which occasionally occurred due to the nature of the festival, were likewise seen as a sacrifice.

The modern-day tinku looks somewhat similar to the original practice except that the combat has (ideally) been toned down to ritualistic combat-like movements. However, the festival where the tinku is performed usually involves heavy drinking, and tensions between communities or neighbors can still turn from dance into a brawl.[5]

Tourists who visit Bolivia during the festival period have said that while the tinku was indeed a spectacle, it was not one they wish to repeat. Tensions can run high during the period for anyone, and it has been advised not to make any provocative gestures lest visitors risk getting caught up in the tinku themselves.

5 The Chicken Dance Is Not A Chicken Dance

Most people know the silly, wordless (but not always) “Chicken Dance” song popular at parties. But no one actually knows who first called it the chicken dance. Originally, it was not associated with chickens in any way.

Initially called “The Duck Dance,” it was composed by Swiss accordion player Werner Thomas who performed it for patrons at his local restaurant. Spontaneous dancing erupted from those who listened, so Thomas eventually incorporated more birdlike movements and renamed it “Tchirp-Tchirp” after the sound of birds.

Even though it was a hit in his town, the song languished in obscurity until a Dutch publisher took a liking to it, added words, and spread it across Europe. Even then it was not a “chicken dance.” Instead, it was called “Little Bird Dance” or “Birdie Dance.”

Both in Europe and the US, the dance had a history of being thrown around until finally making it big and becoming famous after years of modest acclaim. Publisher Stanley Mills acquired the publishing rights in the US, but he only called it “Dance Little Bird” because that title sounded more commercial than “Little Bird Dance,” as it was known in Europe.

Mills also added English lyrics to the song, but they never really caught on. It wasn’t until a record label called up Mills about the “Chicken Dance” that it acquired its popular name, seemingly out of thin air.[6]

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4 The Sacred Dance Outlawed By The British

10 Dances With Fascinating And Unexpected Histories - Listverse (2)

Photo credit: culturalindia.net

The female costumes of the Manipuri dance can be unique. Some are long, stiff skirts decorated with gold, silver, and mirrors that give dancers the appearance of wearing fashionable barrels. The spinning motions of the dancers can have an almost mesmerizing effect.

The dance experts of the Manipuri region were known as “Gandharvas” in ancient Vedic texts. They used their dances to celebrate Hindu values and spirituality.

This was why Christian missionaries actively discouraged the dance once the Manipuri region came under British colonial rule. The government soon outlawed all dancing in Hindu temples in the hopes of stopping spiritual and cultural dances like the Manipuri dance.

Nevertheless, the dance survived in secret. Once the Indian freedom movement took hold, it was revived alongside many others. Although many Indian dances once again became public traditions, the Manipuri dance in particular received help when the Nobel Prize–winning author Rabindranath Tagore became entranced by it.[7]

He invited a famed Manipuri dancer to join him at an Indian cultural and study center. The Manipuri dances were dance-dramas that told ancient Hindu tales, and his work helped rekindle interest in and knowledge of the old ways.

3 Physically Integrated Dance

The GIMP Project

Physically integrated dance is not what people imagine when they think of dance. It uses people with and without disabilities who share the same stage and dance to the same piece of choreography. Whereas some might imagine the dancer with a disability playing a lesser role, physically integrated dance creates a choreography where all dancers’ unique traits are expressed.

There are many types of physically integrated dance, with styles ranging from traditional ballet to modern contemporary. The dances are like showcases of different body types (though not in a pitying or exploitative way). They are journeys into what each can do.

The dance often poses a challenge for both the critics and audience. Critics do not want to criticize performers who are disabled, and dance troupes like The GIMP Project challenge the audience with monologues detailing what viewers may be thinking when they watch the performance.[8]

The style of dance was not built to “make up for” disabilities but to use them to create new forms of dance that are not possible under normal circumstances. For example, a dancer without legs will work with another performer to create a unique type of aerial silk act.

Despite this, directors of the dance companies often run into those who pity the disabled dancers and do not hold them to the same standards of others in their field.

2 “La Cucaracha” Has No Standard Lyrics

La Cucaracha (Mexican Dance)

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The origins of “La Cucaracha” (“The Cockroach”) is anything but clear. While most attribute it to Mexico, that is only where it gained popularity, especially with folk dancing. Some books have it dating back to the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella in Spain. Others record it being carried across the Atlantic Ocean to Mexico by Spanish Marines.

The song is primarily associated with Mexico because it was used by both sides of the Mexican Revolution as propaganda (and probably just to pass the time).

The lyrics of “La Cucaracha” were modified according to the values of the people who sang it. It was often heavily influenced by the events of the time period in which it was sung. This was especially true of political events.[9]

The lyrics tend to focus on one person—the “cockroach” from which the song gets its name. Whoever the cockroach is determines the lyrics, which are metaphors for whatever nefarious dealings the singer/songwriter believes to be going on.

With such an extensive history, the song has gone through a lot of revisions. It may be better to think of “La Cucaracha” as an oral history of displeasure with political figures (and anyone else who happens to be in charge).

1 Affranchi
The Dance That Came Full Circle

10 Dances With Fascinating And Unexpected Histories - Listverse (3)

Photo credit: haitianmusic.net

When the French colonized Haiti, they enslaved the locals and put them to work on plantations. The enslaved Haitians were banned from publicly performing European dances, but their slave masters would still have them perform their native African dances for the masters’ amusement.

After the slave revolt of 1804, class barriers began to crumble and Europeans began intermarrying with women of African descent. The descendants of these common-law marriages were known as Affranchi and created a new style of Haitian dance.

The Affranchi (folk dance) was named after the new class that created it. It incorporated some movements from their enslaved ancestors, but their rhythmic movements were more reserved than the dances that were once secretly performed to drumbeats of voodoo ceremonies.

Although the final stage of the dance was freestyle, they wanted to retain what they saw as European poise. The Affranchi dance remained largely based on European dance structures that incorporated African elements.[10]

It was a prestigious class of dancing. As it spread beyond Haiti and moved into modern times, Affranchi began to incorporate a greater range of movements. More of the original African elements were reincorporated, including voodoo drumbeats and a greater link to Haitian heritage. It became more than something emphasizing European structures. It was now a dance associated with Haiti itself.

Mike lives on the East Coast and pays too much for beach parking.

Read about more mysterious dances on 10 Mysterious Ancient Dances and 10 Twisted Facts About The Dancing Plagues.

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fact checked by Jamie Frater

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What are the top 5 dances in the world today? ›

From, Ballet to Belly dance and Salsa to Bharatnatyam, here are 10 of the most popular dances around the world.
  • Hip-hop (US)
  • Step Dance (Ireland)
  • Flamenco (Spain)
  • Waltz (Austria)
  • Belly dance (Middle East)
  • Bharatnatyam (India)
  • Dragon Dance (China)
  • Ballet (Russia)
29 Apr 2022

What is the most provocative dance? ›

The Angolan dance, Kizomba, is known by many as “the sexiest dance ever”. But, teachers say the sensual moves from Angola have been misinterpreted as sexual.

What is the most popular style of dance 2022? ›

The following are the most popular dance forms in 2022:
  • Hip Hop Dance Form:
  • Contemporary Dance:
  • Ballet:
  • Belly Dance:
  • Breakdancing.
3 Jul 2022

What is the most popular dance in 2022? ›

Part 2: 15 Trending TikTok Dances in 2022
  • Out West.
  • WAP.
  • SexyBack.
  • Renegade.
  • Pressley Hosbach.
  • Twerking.
  • Fancy Like.
  • Toosie Slide With Music By Drake.

Who is number 1 dancer in the world? ›

1. Michael Jackson. The 80's famous pop star Michael Jackson is one of the most legendary dancers and best dancer in the world . I think there is no one; who doesn't know this name, Michael Jackson, or has ever watched his eye-popping dance moves.

Which dance is famous all over the world? ›

The Ballet from France

There are different versions of dance all over the world, a few being the romantic ballet, the neoclassical ballet, the contemporary ballet and the classical ballet.

What is seducing dance called? ›

Often called a “dance of love”, rumba is a slow and sensual dance. In fact, the rumba involves a lot of flirting with your partner. It's a game of seduction.

What dance was banned in the 1920s? ›

In the 1920s, towns of all sizes in Iowa began to enact policies and ordinances about these new dances, which were unlike anything they had seen before the war. Ringsted was one of the first towns in Iowa to ban what they called “shimmy and other wiggly dances” in the early 1920s.

Which dance was described as a controversial dance? ›

The Charleston – 1925

With its roots tied to slavery and its popularity living amongst the white community, the dance was at the center of controversy. Racism was still prevalent in American society. Along with that, the Charleston was the first dance move a woman could perform socially without a partner.

What are the 3 types of folk dance? ›

Some well known types of folk dance include: Bharatanatyam (India), Samba (Brazil) and Hula (Hawaii). Some cultures may even perform multiple variations of folk dances, with countries like South Korea performing individual dances for key events such as victories in war, farming, music and religion.

What is folk dance and examples? ›

What Is Folk Dance? Folk dance celebrates the cultural roots of a particular group of people. Folk dance is typically performed as a form of ritualistic entertainment at social gatherings. Some kinds of folk dance tell a culture's foundational stories, while others may simply emphasize cultural pride.

What is the most popular dance in Mindanao? ›

Singkíl (or Sayaw sa Kasingkil) is a folk dance of the Maranao people of Lake Lanao depicting one of the episodes in the epic poem Darangen, which was popularised by the Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company.

What are the 7 different style of street and hip hop dance? ›

Street dance is an umbrella term for a variety of street styles including, but not limited to; Breaking, Hip Hop, House, Vogue, Locking, Popping, Waacking and Krump.

What are the 7 hip hop dance styles? ›

  • B-boying (Breakdancing) Thought to be one of the very original styles of Hip Hop, B-boying is characterized by acrobatic Vigour Movements, upright movements, and footwork. ...
  • Locking and Popping. ...
  • Funk. ...
  • Up rock. ...
  • Liquid Dance. ...
  • Boogaloo. ...
  • Reggae. ...
  • Lyrical.
17 Nov 2020

What is the most popular hip hop dance? ›

Perhaps the most popular hip hop dance move of them all is the moonwalk. This dance was created by the king of pop, Michael Jackson, during his performance of Billie Jean in 1983.

How do you WAP? ›


What is the most popular dance move? ›

The Moonwalk is one of the most popular dance moves of all time.

How many dance styles are there? ›

India has many dances, coming from every state in the country, although there are only six forms of the classical dances recognised by India on a national level. They are Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Manipuri, Kuchipudi, and Odissi.

What is the best form of dance to get everyone on the floor and moving? ›

The best form of dance to get everyone on the floor and moving is 'Line Dance'. Line dance is a type of group dance. in which a group of people dance in one or more lines. It is a dance performed by arranging a group of people in rows and repeating them in different steps.

What is modern dance style? ›

What Is Modern Dance? Modern dance is a highly expressive style of dance that challenges the structured dance technique of classical ballet. The focus of modern dance is expression, rather than following a rigid set of postures or technical positions that ballet dancers are trained in.

What is the latest dance craze? ›

It eventually created a dance craze or challenges that became trending on TikTok and different platforms.
Get to know the Top 5 dance crazes on TikTok this September 2022
  • Wet the bed – Chris Brown ft. Ludacris. ...
  • After Like – IVE. ...
  • OTW – Khalid ft. ...
  • Go Girl – Pitbull. ...
  • Pink Venom – BLACKPINK.
7 Sept 2022

How do you twerk? ›

How to Twerk | Club Dance Moves - YouTube

What TikTok dances are trending now? ›

  • Right Now. Elaine. 33:20. 5649 videos.
  • Tik Tok Dance Challenge. Hayai. 40:00. 752 videos.
  • Tik Tok Trend. Kodama Boy. 40:00. 409 videos.
  • Trends Dance Tiktok. Tendencias. 40:00. 2539 videos.
  • Do You Dance Tik Tok Trend. Ys Shaolin. 40:00. 23 videos.
  • Right Now (Na Na Na) Akon. 40:00. ...
  • Filter transition. Tik Tok. 53:20. ...
  • Right Now. One Direction. 40:00.

Who is the king of dance? ›

Shiva Nataraja, the King of Dance | RISD Museum.

Who is the king of dance in the world 2022? ›

With Jimin's countless high skilled and versatile performances and iconic stages that were praised globally—he is truly the best. Park Jimin was voted no. 1 on FanPlus' 2022 Master of Dance Contest. He garnered 66.3% or 1,263,648,262 of the total votes.

Which country is best in dancing? ›

India is the country with the best dancers in the world. Indian dancers account for the largest percentage of the best dancers in the world.

What is easiest dance to learn? ›

The Waltz is the easiest because it is a slow, smooth dance and only uses four steps. It has a distinctive ¾ timing with a flowing style.

What is the most popular cultural dance? ›

Top 10 Most Popular Folk Dances in the World.
  • Flamenco (Spain) ...
  • Dragon dance (China) ...
  • Kabuki (Japan) ...
  • Tango (Argentina) ...
  • Hula (Hawaii) ...
  • Bharatanatyam (India) ...
  • Apsara (Cambodia) ...
  • Irish step dance (Ireland) Irish step dance evolved from traditional Irish dance and is today quite popular around the world.

What are the examples of western dance? ›

Western Dance
  • Hip-Hop Dance.
  • Break Dancing.
  • Ballet.
  • Salsa.
  • Tap Dancing.
  • Jazz.

How many western dance styles are there? ›

Many different dances are done to country-western music. These dances include: Two Step, Waltz, Cowboy or Traveling Cha Cha, Polka Ten Step (also known as Ten Step Polka), Schottische, and other Western promenade dances, East Coast Swing, West Coast Swing, and Nightclub Two Step.

What is known as western dance? ›

Western dance, history of Western dance from ancient times to the present and including the development of ballet, the waltz, and various types of modern dance.

What is the best dance for couples? ›

Here are the top 10 most romantic dance in the world, which serves as an expression of true love.
  • Rumba or Rhumba Dance. Rhumba or Rumba dance is a Latin dance style performed on soft flowing music. ...
  • Waltz Dance. ...
  • Tango/Argentine Tango Dance. ...
  • Bolero Dance. ...
  • Foxtrot Dance. ...
  • Salsa Dance. ...
  • Merengue Dance. ...
  • Ballroom Samba.

What is dancing with a partner called? ›

Partner dances are dances whose basic choreography involves coordinated dancing of two partners, as opposed to individuals dancing alone or individually in a non-coordinated manner, and as opposed to groups of people dancing simultaneously in a coordinated manner.

What is a two person dance called? ›

Two dancers can also perform a duet, a dance especially choreographed for a couple. Duet stems from the Italian duetto, "musical composition for two voices," from duo, or "two."

What year was dancing illegal? ›

Remember When: The 1957 Dancing Ban | Wake Forest Magazine.

What religion does not allow dancing? ›

Islam. In Islam, extreme Salafists and Wahhabis consider dancing in general to be haram (forbidden).

Why was the waltz banned? ›

As the dance started gaining popularity, it was criticised on moral grounds due to its close-hold stance and fast turning movements. Religious leaders regarded it as vulgar and sinful. The dance was criticised to the point where people were threatened with death from waltzing.

What dances have been banned? ›

In the '20s and '30s, dances like the Charleston and the Lindy Hop were banned in many dance halls. In 1956, Elvis's hip-swivel on The Milton Berle Show electrified the nation.

What dance was banned in the United States? ›

The waltz was banned in the 1820s by Pope Leo XII, and American etiquette books cautioned against it (“with regard to the lately introduced German waltz, I cannot speak so favourably”, wrote the author of the 1840 edition of Etiquette for Ladies).

What dance considered scandalous when first seen? ›

Couple dance, at that time, was not as popular as round dance as it was considered scandalous when first seen. Nobility soon followed the peasant's lead in dancing but in a more refined and courtly form. Court dances emerged as part of chivalric way of life.

Did you know about dance? ›

Research also proves that dancing also reduces stress and tension for the mind and body. Studies by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute have shown that dancing also prevents heart disease in particular. Dancers also have increased muscular strength, endurance and motor fitness.

How many types of dances are there? ›

28 Different Types of Dance From Around the World.

What is the most famous dance ever? ›

The tango remains one of the most famous, most recognizable, and most taught dances in the world. Although the tango has roots in pre-America, old-world Europe, it emerged in the 1800s as a solo dance performed only by women.

What is the most popular dance on TikTok right now 2022? ›

By far, the highly famous or popular TikTok dances with 29.7 million-plus users attempting the quick-paced choreography are the "renegade", as mentioned earlier.

How do you WAP? ›


What is the oldest form of dance? ›

Historians consider the dance form that is today known as belly dance the oldest form. It originated 6,000 years ago and was practised by many ancient cultures. Even though the modern belly dance has many negative connotations and is considered to be seductive, it had a totally different purpose in ancient times.

What was the first style of dance? ›

- Circle dance is the oldest formation in dance. Lines were very common as well. - Elements such as sticks, bones and handmade sounds were present during these times.

What is the first dance discovered? ›

Origins in antiquity: The earliest historical records showing the origins of dance are cave paintings in India dating to about 8000 BCE Egyptian tomb paintings also depict dance in about 3300 BCE These early dances may have been religious in nature, and by the era of ancient Greece, people were incorporating dance into ...

What are the 7 types of modern dancing? ›

Popular Styles

Some choreographers and dancers include in modern dance styles hip hop, lyrical, free style and fusion, a combination of dance forms like tap, jazz, modern and ballet. Since modern dance is usually performed in themed choreographic sequences, it projects a message.

What is the most popular style of dance 2022? ›

The following are the most popular dance forms in 2022:
  • Hip Hop Dance Form:
  • Contemporary Dance:
  • Ballet:
  • Belly Dance:
  • Breakdancing.
3 Jul 2022

What is the best dance move in the world? ›

1) The Moonwalk

The Moonwalk creates the illusion of the dancer attempting to walk forwards while travelling backwards and to date is one of the most famous dances in the world.


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